Formaldehyde

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Formaldehyde

Post  lilyqianweiku on Fri Jul 01, 2011 9:19 am

Formaldehyde was first reported by the Russian chemist Aleksandr Butlerov (1828-1886), but it was conclusively identified by August Wilhelm von Hofmann.

Formaldehyde (CAS NO.50-00-0) is a common building block for the synthesis of more complex compounds and materials. As a disinfectant and biocide: as it kills most bacteria and fungi (including their spores), an aqueous solution of formaldehyde can be useful as a disinfectant . It is also used as a preservative in vaccines. In photography: Formaldehyde can be used in low concentrations for process C-41 (color negative film) stabilizer in the final wash step. Tissue fixative and embalming agent: Formaldehyde solutions are used as a fixative for microscopy and histology. Formaldehyde-based solutions are also used in embalming to disinfect and temporarily preserve human and animal remains.

Formaldehyde (CAS NO.50-00-0) is the simplest aldehyde, ans it exists in water as the hydrate H2C(OH)2. Aqueous solutions of formaldehyde are referred to as formalin. Formaldehyde(50-00-0) is an intermediate in the oxidation (or combustion) of methane as well as other carbon compounds, e.g. forest fires, in automobile exhaust, and in tobacco smoke.
In the pure form, Formaldehyde in the pure form is a gas with a boiling point of -21°C but is unstable and readily trimerizes to trioxane or polymerizes to paraformaldehyde. Formaldehyde is stable only in water solution, commonly 37 to 56% formaldehyde by weight and often with methanol (3 to15%) present as a stabilizer.

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